When I got to Chronicles I realized most of it was a retelling of Judges and Kings. I was curious as to why it would be included in the Bible and what its purpose is…

“First of all, not all of the content of the Chronicles is found in Samuel and Kings. In fact, over half of the content of Chronicles is unique.”  https://www.gotquestions.org/purpose-of-Chronicles.html

“Also interesting is the name of 1 and 2 Chronicles in the  Septuagint  (a Greek translation of the Old Testament produced around 300 BC). The title translates as “The Books of Things Left Out,” referring to additional details surrounding the historical events recorded in the books of Samuel and Kings. Due to the Judean emphasis of the Chronicles, we learn much more about the southern kingdom of Judah and its kings; the books of Kings contain more detail about the northern kingdom of Israel. “

Another site also has some interesting statements, here is a snippet of what they said:http://info.austingrad.edu/christianstudies/things-omitted-why-chronicles-is-important

“Many Christians through the ages have looked at it as an addendum or appendix, with some helpful additions, but paling in importance next to the magisterial history of Samuel and Kings. 

This widespread opinion does not do justice to the importance and influence of Chronicles. First, the theology and purpose of Chronicles is completely different from Samuel and Kings. Samuel and Kings are part of a much longer history, from Joshua to 2 Kings, with Deuteronomy as the introduction. The purpose of this collection is to hold Israel up to the light of the law in Deuteronomy and show how the people have consistently violated the covenant, especially the laws against idolatry. After hundreds of years of warnings given by the prophets, this history shows the inevitable consequence of idolatry —loss of land and exile— as spelled out in Deuteronomy. There is however, hope for Israel. If Israel will repent and return to the Lord, as she had done so often in the past (the period of the Judges, David, Hezekiah, etc.), God would once again hear them and restore them. “


An Ephraimite that is mentioned in 2 Chronicles 25:7 is a member of the Hebrew tribe of Ephraim. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Ephraimite

“According to the Bible, the Tribe of Ephraim is descended from a man named Ephraim.[2] This Ephraim is recorded as the son of Joseph, the son of Jacob.[3] The descendants of Joseph formed two of the tribes of Israel, whereas each of the other sons of Jacob was the founder of only one tribe.”

Much more information about the Tribe of Ephraimite can be found here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribe_of_Ephraim

Also if you read the link above, read the last section about “Destiny.” Some interesting stuff I plan to research in more detail at some point.

Both are books probably lost to time, though maybe one day one or all will be found. They are mentioned in 2 Chronicles 9:29

“Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against Jeroboam the son of Nebat?”

It is also mentioned in 2 Chronicles 12:15 relating to Rehoboam and 2 Chronicles 13:22 relating to Abijah.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visions_of_Iddo_the_Seer

New International Version
“The first lot, which was for Asaph, fell to Joseph, his sons and relatives 12 the second to Gedaliah, him and his relatives and sons 12”

Over and over they kept saying each lot fell to 12. 

According to https://www.gotquestions.org/casting-lots.html  “Various offices and functions in the temple were also determined by lot (1 Chronicles 24:53125:8-926:13-14).”

This appears to be 12 was this specific job and each time someone drew 12, the received the said job. “God allowed the Israelites to cast lots in order to determine His will for a given situation…”

All throughout the Old Testament it says someone is tearing their garments. 

According to https://www.gotquestions.org/tear-clothes-Bible.html it meant a display of sorrow, loss, or mourning in Jewish custom.

Another interesting article on the subject is found here https://www.jw.org/en/publications/magazines/ws20140815/rip-apart-garments/it also dicusses why they got rid of this custom.

I’m not going to lie… this passage troubled me. It says:

2 Kings 2:23-24, “Then he went up from there to Bethel; and as he was going up by the way, young lads came out from the city and mocked him and said to him, “Go up, you baldhead; go up, you baldhead!” 24 When he looked behind him and saw them, he cursed them in the name of the LORD. Then two female bears came out of the woods and tore up forty-two lads of their number.”

The site, https://carm.org/why-did-god-kill-42-lads-merely-saying-elisha-was-bald gives the explanation, “Given the challenge of the youths, their intimidating number which could constitute a mob, their veiled threat, the contemptuous attitude, and the fact that Elisha was the prophet of God, the Lord allowed the youths to be destroyed. But, God did not break his own moral law.  The Bible says do not murder.  Murder is the unlawful taking of life.  But, all people have sinned against God and are worthy of death (Rom. 3:236:23).  So, God had them killed according to the Law.”

This site has a better explanation: https://www.gotquestions.org/Elisha-baldhead.html  “In summary, 2 Kings 2:23-24 is not an account of God mauling young children for making fun of a bald man. Rather, it is a record of an insulting demonstration against God’s prophet by a large group of young men. Because these young people of about 20 years of age or older (the same term is used of Solomon in 1 Kings 3:7) so despised the prophet of the Lord, Elisha called upon the Lord to deal with the rebels as He saw fit. The Lord’s punishment was the mauling of 42 of them by two female bears. The penalty was clearly justified, for to ridicule Elisha was to ridicule the Lord Himself. The seriousness of the crime was indicated by the seriousness of the punishment. The appalling judgment was God’s warning to all who would scorn the prophets of the Lord.”

I think it is fair to take into consideration that in this time, God was more visible to the people, and with his spirit and presence be obviously observed in his servants, to mock and disrespect him has severe consequences. It worries me thinking about how badly people mock God, Jesus, and Christianity as a whole. I am guilty of terrible thoughts, statements, and the likes. While I feel I am better than before, now that I have been in the word, I still am guilty of disrespect. I still fear for those who regularly mock God and take his name in vain. Reading the Old Testament really shows you how disrespect to God will invoke his wrath, and rightfully so. I implore anyone reading this to ask for forgiveness for yourself and others. 

It states that these books have been lost and have not yet been found. Some interesting information can be found here: http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/books-of-the-chronicles-of-the-kings-of-judah-and-israel They also state “he content of these books appears identical in character to the Assyrian annals. Probably the mass of facts on royal activities in Kings came from these books.”

 

An Asherah pole is a sacred tree or pole that stood near Canaanite religious locations to honor the Ugaritic mother-goddess Asherah, consort of El. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asherah_pole

More information is found here: https://www.gotquestions.org/Asherah-pole.html

According to some websites, the Golden Calf was an intermediary (similar to Moses) to their god. http://thetorah.com/what-was-the-golden-calf/

Others state that the golden calf is a symbol of desire.

According to the website: https://www.gotquestions.org/Solomon-Adonijah-Abishag.html

“Solomon rightly saw Adonijah’s desire to marry Abishag as part of his brother’s ongoing attempt to take over the kingdom of Israel.
In those days of royal harems, taking possession of a king’s concubines was a declaration of one’s right to the throne. This had been one of Absalom’s methods when he led a coup against David (2 Samuel 16:22). Since Abishag was considered part of David’s harem, her marriage to Adonijah would have strengthened the usurper’s claim to the throne.”

Another great explanation I found on a Catholic forum. User Rocks_91 says “This Adonijah had previously declared himself king. David wanted his son Solomon to be king, as he had promised his wife that it would be so, and had Solomon anointed and crowned.

When Adonijah made the request to Bathsheba to take one of Solomon’s servants as his wife, of course Solomon must have thought that the guy had some nerve. Solomon saw him as a very dangerous person and a potential threat to his kingdom, and thus had him killed.” https://forums.catholic.com/t/why-did-solomon-have-adonijah-killed/255524 The full conversation and thread can be found here: 

In this passage I was confused as to why God grew angry at Israel and David for numbering his people (taking a census.) 

According to this website: https://www.gotquestions.org/David-census.html it says “As to why God was angry at David, in those times, a man only had the right to count or number what belonged to him. Israel did not belong to David; Israel belonged to God.”

They also speculate that it was Satan who tempted David to take a census of his people. 

Another website https://www.thisisyourbible.com/index.php?page=questions&task=show&mediaid=1122 corroborates this theory by saying ” 1 Chronicles 21:1 And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked (Hebrew two sooth) David to number Israel. ‘Satan’ in Hebrew means ‘adversary’. In Numbers 22:22 ‘satan’ is properly translated as ‘adversary’.”