Is there any evidence of the 10 Plagues?

In my second post regarding the Exodus I came upon the 10 Plagues. I felt like there HAD to be evidence out there, both scientific and corroborating some of these horrible events. I break down each one and share some of the information I found.

On the website: I learned about the Ipuwer Papyrus. More information can be found at

The Ipuwer Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian poem written on a stone papyrus that has several passages that seem to possibly have a link to several of the plagues in the Exodus.

Moses turning the Nile River to blood: this site has an interesting theory that the Nile was changed to be covered in toxic red algae. I am starting to come to the mindset that all of what God does, follows laws “HE” put in place. I will compound upon this in future articles, but even the afterlife seems to follow certain properties that in in line with physics.

The Ipuwer Papyrus says, “Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere” (2:5–6). “The river is blood. . . . Men shrink from tasting—human beings, and thirst after water” (2:10). “That is our water! That is our happiness! What shall we do in respect thereof? All is ruin” (3:10–13).

Frogs, Lice, & Flies:

One website explains the 10 plagues by global warming (spurred by volcanic eruptions.) They state the summoning of the frogs are explained by; “He said: “It multiplies massively in slow-moving warm waters with high levels of nutrition. And as it dies, it stains the water red.” The scientists also claim the arrival of this algae set in motion the events that led to the second, third and forth plagues – frogs, lice and flies. Frogs development from tadpoles into fully formed adults is governed by hormones that can speed up their development in times of stress. The arrival of the toxic algae would have triggered such a transformation and forced the frogs to leave the water where they lived. But as the frogs died, it would have meant that mosquitoes, flies and other insects would have flourished without the predators to keep their numbers under control.”


Pestilence & Boils: explains how a disease in the area at the time could have swiftly spread throughout Egypt. The same website explains how boils and smallpox scars have been found on mummies dating back to that time.


Hail & Fire:


The Ipuwer Papyrus says, “Forsooth, gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire” (2:10). “Lower Egypt weeps. . . . The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong [by right] wheat and barley, geese and fish” (10:3–6). “Forsooth, grain has perished on every side” (6:3). “Forsooth, that has perished which was yesterday seen. The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax” (5:12).




Swarms of desert locust are not an unusual occurrence; however, they require wet soil, which attracts millions of insects to settle and lay their eggs.8 This is surely a consequence of the rain which “poured on the earth” (Exodus 9:33b, NASB) in the hailstorm.


Darkness: Has an interesting article that is taken from other Egyptian texts confirming stories in the Exodus.

“Moreover, two ancient Egyptian texts provide additional support. One is relevant to the first plague, blood. In “The Admonitions of Ipu-Wer,” dated at the latest to 2050 B.C.E., the author describes a chaotic period in Egypt: “Why really, the River [Nile] is blood. If one drinks of it, one rejects (it) as human and thirsts for water.”8

The second text, known as “The Prophecy of Nefer-Rohu” dates towards the beginning of the Middle Kingdom, about 2040–1650 B.C.E.; it relates to the ninth plague, darkness: “The sun disc is covered over. It will not shine (so that) people may see … No one knows when midday falls, for his shadow cannot be distinguished.”9


The Ipuwer Papyrus says, “The land is without light” (9:11).


Killing of the Firstborns:

This one I felt would have the most evidence available to it, as it would be the most horrific to people of that time. Corroborating evidence can be found:

The Ipuwer Papyrus says, “Forsooth, the children of princes are dashed against the walls” (4:3 and 5:6). “Forsooth, the children of princes are cast out in the streets” (6:12). “He who places his brother in the ground is everywhere” (2:13). “It is groaning throughout the land, mingled with lamentations” (3:14). Discusses archeological evidence of a Pharaoh that possibly had his firstborn killed at a young age during that time frame.

“The cause of the final plague, the death of the firstborns of Egypt, has been suggested as being caused by a fungus that may have poisoned the grain supplies, of which male first born would have had first pickings and so been first to fall victim.”

When I got to these sections in the Exodus, I had a hard time with many of the miracles Moses performed. Upon my research, I found some fascinating articles regarding each event. I will break them down individually in separate posts.

A book I just ordered but have not read yet that many people recommend is “The Exodus Case” which details all the events in the Exodus from a team of researches following the path Moses took.

Moses parting the Red Sea: This is one of the most famous acts that occurred in the Old Testament. An article stating how they found ancient relics of the Egyptian army at what would have been the bottom of the sea.

ABC News tries to explain it with science: I feel their article makes it sound even more divine.

A YouTube video discussing some of the scientific evidence recently found. He is coming from a point of a non-believer, but it also adds evidence to the story.

On my path to reading the Bible, one of the first things that stumped me right out of the gate was the tremendous life spans of the Patriarchs listed in the Bible. I tend to view things with a scientific lens, so I was immediately starting to live up to my name as a “doubting Thomas.” I started doing some research, using good ol’ Google, and found some interesting websites that had some fascinating theories.

The first was:
I highly recommend you read it. It discusses the theological reasons for the human life span being reduced. Stemming from Adam eating the forbidden fruit so that he would eventually die along with his decedents (Genesis 2:16-17) to scientific reasons as to how it could have happened. They discuss how environmental changes could have occurred after the Flood that would have possibly shortened human life spans, and then also genetic bottle necks that would have resulted from a drastically reduced population. They also hint about other literature from that time-period that discusses significantly longer life spans in other cultures.

The next was:
This is a response to a similar question by a Catholic priest. While I wouldn’t consider myself a Catholic (I attend a Baptist Church, but currently would not strongly align myself with any particular religion at this point in my religious journey-.) He makes some good points. The line that sums up his response is “Recent Church teaching has leaned toward interpreting Genesis 1-11 as stories that, while they have some basis in history, are meant primarily to teach theological and spiritual truths.” I encourage you to read this article, as I found it to be quite insightful.

This site is a non-Christian source that discusses other cultures that also record incredible declining life spans.

Another very interesting article: This site discusses mostly scientific reasoning for the long lives of Biblical times. They go through environmental reasoning, along with genetic theories that are well articulated.

This site asks the question “Why aren’t there any 900 year old human fossils?” Explaining their theories as to why.